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   Home      INTRODUCTION TO DIABETES
 
DIABETES
 
DIABETES MELLITUS
 
TYPE 1 DM
 
TYPE 2 DM
 
GDM(PREGNENCY)
 
COMPLICATIONS OF DM
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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II. Symptoms of Diabetes?

Increased Appetite

Increased Urination

Increased Thirst

Loss of weight

Tingling and numbness of feet

Non healing ulcer

Blurring of vision

 

III. How to diagnose Diabetes?

Fasting Plasma Glucose - >126 mg/dl,
Random Plasma Glucose - ≥200 mg/dl with symptoms (On two separate occasions),
Post prandial Plasma Glucose 2 hours after giving 75G glucose OGTT - >200mg/dl

 

IV.What targets to be achieved in Diabetes?

FPG --- 70 to 130mg/dl
PPPG --- 135 to 180 mg/dl
HbA1c --- < 6.5%
B.P --- < 130/80mm Hg
L.D.L --- 80 mg/dl (Cholesterol)

 

V. What are the treatments for diabetes?

Type 1 Diabetes– only by giving insulin injection (Oral drugs are not effective) 
Type 2 Diabetes– can be treated by giving oral drugs or insulin injection.

 

VI. .What are the complications if Diabetes is not controlled?

Eye damage

Kidney damage

Heart damage

Foot complication (amputation)

Nerve damage

 

VII. .What is Glycosylated Hb (HbA1c)?

HbA1c indicates average blood sugar over a period of 2 to 3 months Normally in non Diabetics --- 5.7% In Diabetics HbA1c should be maintained at 6.5%.

 

VIII. Whether Diabetes can be cured?

YES, IN SOME SCENARIOS otherwise, regular check up with Endocrinologist is necessary to control blood sugar to prevent complications.

 

IX. My Father / Mother has diabetes, whether will I get diabetes?

If both parents are suffering from Diabetes the chances are 40%. If one parent is suffering from Diabetes the chances are 25%.

 

X. Whether Diabetes spreads from me to my spouse?

No

 

XI. Is it possible to lead normal life, like marriage etc, if one is detected with Diabetes Mellitus?

Yes

 

XII. What are pre diabetic conditions?

Impaired fasting glucose tolerance – 100 to 125 mg /dl
Impaired glucose tolerance – 140 to 199 mg/ dl 
Post Prandial Plasma Glucose - 140 to 199 mg / dl



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