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Foot problems:

15 TO 20% of Diabetes patients have foot problems.

10 to 15% of all hospital admissions are due to major foot infections.

50% of all Non-traumatic major amputations are due to Diabetes.

85% of Diabetes foot amputations are due to inadequate treatment of early diabetic foot infections and Ulcer.

Patients with Diabetes are more likely than others to have problems with their FEET. Recognizing and treating foot problems early can help diabetic patients avoid serious complications.Diabetic foot problems are a major cause for hospitalization in India.

All that you need is a pair of sensible hands and eyes. A healthy foot

1. Strong and flexible.
2.Supports the weight of the whole body.
3. Bones and joints help to absorb pressure from the body’s weight. 
4.Skin and fat are first barrier to prevent infection.

How diabetes affects foot???

Diabetes affects in three ways

1.Nerve damage-Neuropathy affects the nerve that supplies sensation to the feet. Thus decreasing the feeling of pain in the feet. 
2.Hardening of the blood vessels i.e., defects in micro circulation leads to ulceration. 
3.Infection-either superficial or deep and sometimes life threatening.

Common diabetes foot problems

Corn and callus.

Blisters.

Ingrown toe nails.

Bunions.

Plantar warts.

Hammer toes.

Dry cracked skin.

Athletic foot.

Do’s…..

Remember to inform every doctor you visit that you have diabetes.

Check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, scratches, redness and swelling.

Wash feet daily and dry carefully between the toes .

Apply moisturiser to the skin to keep it smooth.

Cut the nails straight across with nail clipper or nail scissors .

Inform your doctor about any changes in the skin colour, pain or any abnormal sensation such as tingling,burning, and pricking sensation.

Inspect the inside of shoes for foreign objects and torn lining each time you put them on.

Regular exercise to promote good circulation.

Don’t’s…..

Do not walk bare foot, even indoors.

Do not smoke which reduces blood circulation.

Do not cut corns and calluses yourself.

Don’t use chemicals, antiseptic solutions for your feet.

Avoid hot water bottles or heating pad.

Avoid visiting temples or sandy beach when the sun is hot.

Never attempt to treat any foot problem yourself.

Avoid sitting with legs crossed or standing in one position for a long period.

*KEEPING YOUR BLOOD SUGAR IN GOOD CONTROL AND TAKING CARE OF YOUR FEET EVERYDAY CAN HELP YOU AVOID FOOT INFECTIONS AND AMPUTATIONS


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